Caragana (Siberian Pea-Tree)
Latin Name: Caragana arborescens
Native Range: Europe and Asia
Seed Source: Caragana shelter belt near Indian Head, Saskatchewan
Height and Spread (25 years): 6m x 3m
Overview: An introduced shrub growing to six meters high. Native to Siberia caragana exhibits outstanding cold and drought hardiness. First introduced to Canada in the late 1800s, it became the number one species in western Canada planted for soil erosion control.It is a legume and fixes nitrogen.
Fruit: Dark brown linear pods 3 to 5 cm long.
SEED TREATMENT / SOWING
Stratification: Soak seeds for 24 hours in water (room temperature)
Ideal sowing time: Spring
Sowing instructions: Sow 2 cm deep, 50 seeds/meter; Greenhouse - sow 3 seeds per cell.
Growing conditions: Best growth on well drained light and medium textured soils. Fertilization is not required. Will tolerate slightly saline conditions.
Excellent for farm or field shelter belts or landscape hedges where a tough hardy plant is needed. Caragana is extremely drought tolerant that forms a dense hedge useful as a windbreak for snow and wind management.