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Ussurian Pear


Latin Name: Pyrus ussuriensis


Family: Rosaceae

Native Range: Northeast Asia

Seed Source: Ussurian pearshelterbelt, near Indian Head Saskatchewan.

Height and Spread: 7m x 4m

Overview: Ussurian pear is well adapted to cold temperate regions. Its vigorous, dense growth makes it useful for shelterbelts. The attractive flowers and yellow-orange autumn color enhance its aesthetic value. Short, stubby branches (spurs), that are thorn-like, form before developing into another branch.

Fruits: Pear shaped and 3-4 cm in diameter with multiple seeds. Ripens in September


Stratification: Stratify in moist sand (10% moisture) for 90 days at 5°C.

Ideal sowing time: Non-pretreated seed outdoors in late September (will germinate the following spring) or stratified seed in spring.

Sowing instructions: Outdoor seedbed - Sow 2 cm deep and 50 seeds/meter; Greenhouse - sow 3 seeds per cell 1 cm deep.

Growing conditions: ‘George Kennedy’ Ussurian pear is well-adapted to most soil types except heavy, poorly drained, and high lime soils. It performs very well on sandy soils.

Agroforestry Value

Ussurian pear seed is excellent for field and farmstead shelterbelts, intercropping, reclamation and wildlife habitat plantings.All plants produce fruit. The fruit is hard, but may have use for jams and jellies and sweetens after a frost.