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White Spruce


Latin Name: Picea glauca


Family: Pinaceae

Native Range: Native to boreal region of Canada

Seed Source: spruce seed block, near Indian Head Saskatchewan.

Height and Spread: 18m x 5m

Overview: The seed is excellent for agroforestry planting in non-boreal regions. It is characterized by an upright crown form, extreme hardiness and adaptability to a wide range of growing conditions in the aspen parkland.

Seeds: dark brown, winged 2-4 mm long


Stratification: No stratification required. Water soak 24 hours before sowing.

Ideal sowing time: Non-pretreated seed outdoors in late May.

Sowing instructions: Sow 1.0 cm deep, 50 seeds/meter; Greenhouse - sow 3 seeds per cell.

Growing conditions: White spruce grows on a wide variety of soils but favors loamy soils with a pH of 5.0 to 7.0.It is shade tolerant but grows best in a sunny exposure.

Agroforestry Value

White spruce is used in farmstead shelterbelts. The denses hallow roots make it useful for soil stabilization and erosion control on moist sites. Its dense coniferous crown provides excellent habitat for songbirds and thermal cover for mammals. Excellent wood quality for lumber.