'Prairie Green' Scots Pine
Latin Name: Pinus sylvestris
Native Range: Native to Northern Europe and Asia.
Seed Source: Scots pine seed block near Indian Head Saskatchewan.
Height and Spread: 18m x 5m.
Overview: The 'Prairie Green' Scots pine is well adapted for agroforestry planting in dry, cold temperate regions. It is characterized by vigorous growth, excellent needle retention, resistance to winter browning, and adaptability to a wide range of growing conditions. The seeds strain was developed specifically for tree planting in the prairie environment.
Seeds: Dark brown, 2-4 mm long. About 140 seeds per gram.
SEED TREATMENT / SOWING
Stratification: No stratification required. Soak seeds for 24 hours prior to sowing.
Ideal sowing time: Non-pretreated seed outdoors in late May.
Sowing instructions: Outdoors- sow 1.0 cm deep, 50 seeds/meter; Greenhouse - sow 3 seeds per cell.
Growing conditions: 'Prairie Green' Scots pine grows on a wide variety of soils but favours loamy soils with a pH of 5.0 to 8.0. It is shade tolerant but grows best in a sunny exposure.
'Prairie Green' Scots pine is used in field and farmstead shelterbelts. The dense roots make it useful for soil stabilization and erosion control on dry sites. It will tolerate glyphosate drift when exposed in late summer. It provides good cover for birds plus small and large mammals. Scots pine is valued for Christmas trees because of its blue-green colour, stiff branches, short densely-spaced needles, and excellent needle retention.