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Scots Pine


Latin Name: Pinus sylvestris


Family: Pinaceae

Native Range: Native to Northern Europe and Asia.

Seed Source: Scots pine shelterbelt near Indian Head Saskatchewan.

Height and Spread: 18m x 5m.

Overview: Scots pine is well adapted for agroforestry planting in dry, cold temperate regions. It is characterized by vigorous growth, excellent needle retention, resistance to winter browning and adaptability to a wide range of growing conditions.

Seeds: Dark brown, 2-4 mm long


Stratification: No stratification required. Soak seeds for 24 hours prior to sowing.

Ideal sowing time: Non-pretreated seed outdoors in late May.

Sowing instructions: Sow 1.0 cm deep, 50 seeds/meter; Greenhouse - sow 3 seeds per cell.

Growing conditions: Scots pine grows on a wide variety of soils but favors loamy soils with a pH of 5.0 to 8.0. It is shade tolerant but grows best in a sunny exposure.

Agroforestry Value

Scots pine is used infield and farmstead shelterbelts. The dense roots make it useful for soil stabilization and erosion control on dry sites. It will tolerate glyphosate drift when exposed in late summer. It provides good cover for birds plus small and large mammals. Scots pine is valued for Christmas trees because of its blue green colour, stiff branches, short densely-spaced needles and excellent needle retention.