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Siberian Crab


Latin Name: Malus baccata


Family: Rosaceae

Native Range: Native to central and eastern Siberia.

Seed Source: Siberian crab shelterbelt near Indian Head Saskatchewan.

Height and Spread: 6m x 5m (5 years).

Overview: Siberian crab is ideally suited for agroforestry planting. It is fast growing and provides excellent food and cover for wildlife.

Fruit: Multi-seeded apples are either red or yellow and vary in size from 1-2 cm.


Stratification: Water soak for 72 hours then stratify in moist sand (10 percent moisture) for 10 days at 5°C.

Ideal sowing time: Non-pretreated seed outdoors in late September (will germinate the following spring) or stratified seed in spring.

Sowing instructions: Sow 1.0 cm deep,50 seeds/meter; Greenhouse - sow 3 seeds per cell..

Growing conditions: ‘Waxwing’ Siberian crabfavors medium to heavy soils that are somewhat poorly to well drained with a pH of 5.5 to 7.0. Full sun is preferred for best performance, but they will tolerate light shade.


Siberian crab is used in shelterbelts, Eco-Buffers and wildlife habitat plantings. It provides good food and cover for birds.The fruit is eaten by birds during winter, they attract large flocks of cedar waxwings.